The largest percentage of Cuba’s population, being just in excess of 2.2 million, is found in the city of Havana.

Population:
11,394,043 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years:
18.8% (male 1,100,672/female 1,042,327)
15-64 years:
70.5% (male 4,019,648/female 4,016,429)
65 years and over:
10.7% (male 554,043/female 660,924) (2007 est.)

Median age:
total: 36.3 years
male: 35.7 years
female: 37 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.273% (2007 est.)

Birth rate:
11.44 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate:
7.14 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate:
-1.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.056 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.001 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.838 male(s)/female

total population:
0.992 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 6.04 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.76 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.08 years
male: 74.85 years
female: 79.43 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.6 children born/woman (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:
3,300 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS – deaths:
less than 200 (2003 est.)

Ethnic groups:
mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%

Religions:
nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2002 census)

People – note:
illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border