Cuban independence from Spain comprised of three major and many minor wars. The small war was from 1879-1880. The second big war was of La Guerra Chiquita where it just nearly overlapped the end of the first war and the famous war of La Guerra de los Diez Años that was fought after the interval of 10 years along with a number of dispersed actions. It was the year 1868, October 10, when Carlos Manuel de Céspedes freed his Cuban slaves from the Spanish and thus waged the Ten Years’ War. This war was fought by the other plantation owners, workers and guajiros who joined in the guerrilla fighting army in the Eastern regions against the Spanish army.
The Spanish were lucky enough to be able to use and exploit the mistrust, which arose among the rebels. This led the Spanish army to reach a settlement on 10 February 1878 where the Pact of Zanjón was signed between the plantation owners and the Spanish army. One man named José Marti, who earlier exiled on the charges of backing up the rebels and waging a small war against the Spanish, again took the grounds. He started campaigning in the United States, where there was a big enough community of Cuban exiles. These people took together and stated a protest, which later waged a war against Spain.
In the year, 1880, there was another significant war up rising, which was known as the Guerra Chiquita. This war had a very bad coordination between its two main leaders, Antonio Maceo and Calixto Garcia, which led the war to failure. On 24 February 1895, many of the major Cuban independence fighters, workers, and citizens landed near Barcia. This was the real start of the second major Cuban war of Independence, which was later known as the War of ’95.
Soon, Marti was killed in the second war but the two main heroes Máximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo continued to fight despite being hurt many times, finally defeating the Spanish Governor Arsenio Martinez Campos. This Spanish governor was the victor of the Ten Year War; he killed his most trusted general at Peralejo.
In an intelligent battle plan, the Cuban army invaded every province, which was under the rule of Spain. The leader Maceo died in Havana province when he was returning from the west, but Calixto Garcia was luckier, managed to escape to Spain, and was soon at it again, taking Spanish strongholds with cannon and infantry. As the war went on, the Cuban army lacked the supply of arms. United States helped the Cuban army against its own laws and tried sending them arms. Out of 71 such missions only 27 succeeded while the rest were caught by the Spanish army.
It was when the US battleship Maine was blown up in the year 1898 on February 15 that tensions rose and the U.S. had to intervene formally. They took to the grounds with the Cuban army and declared the Spanish-American War. The Spanish army was no way up against the American naval and military forces and they were defeated on 17 July 1898. The Spanish surrendered and, on 10 December 1898, they signed the Treaty of Paris, which recognized the Cuban independence.