The relationship between the Fidel Castro’s government in Cuba and the United States got worse very soon, when the Cuban government took a big step. When the United States refused to refine the oil by the Soviets in refineries located in Cuba, the Cuban government then confiscated the U.S. properties, notably those belonging to the International Telephone and Telegraph Company (ITT) and the United Fruit Company. This was in view with the anti US thoughts that Fidel Castro had been planning for a long time.
Also in Cuba, his ideologies about the United States were fast gaining popularity. This was quite irritating for the United States. Soon the Castro government took the first agrarian reform in its hands and passed a law on May 17, 1959, which limited the size of the land holdings, distributing enough land to agricultural workers in the minimum possible rates. For people who would lose their lands, would be compensated. The scheme was, based on the tax assessment values of each landholder. In actual fact, minimum or zero compensation was paid. However, as Castro’s took more control of the island’s assets, and more nationalization movements took place, the promises, which Castro’s government had made, were not honored.
When the Cuban government seized American properties, the U.S. had no choice but to break off all the diplomatic relations on January 3, 1961 and imposed sanctions against Cuba. These sanctions were called the U.S. embargo against Cuba and were imposed on February 3, 1962. These sanctions are still in effect. Recently some organizations had pleaded to the world community to come out and help Cuba and it got good enough response.
Some medicines and compassionate trade in food is now allowed in Cuba. At first, the sanctions did not extend to other countries and Cuba traded with most European, Latin American and Asian countries and specifically Canada. But now the United States is putting a lot of pressure and using tactics to stop these countries from doing any kind of trade and tries hard to restrict trade with Cuba. This hampers Castro’s historic spat of accusing the United States for Cuba’s severe economic situation. Then again, due to Cuba’s location, such trade is stalled by high transportation costs.
Soon the Fidel Castro government established the socialist system in Cuba. Taken aback with this step thousands of citizens have fled from the country, mostly to the United States since Castro’s rise to power. Things took a very bad shape when there was an agreement signed between the US and Cuba that US would air lift the thousands of Cuban citizens who want to leave Cuba and settle in abroad. By 1971 over 250,000 Cubans had entered into the United States. All this made the relations between the two countries sour and Cuba looked to Soviet Union for help and support. On the other hand, Soviet Union was also trying to become friends with Cuba against the United States.
It is interesting to note that Fidel Castro took help from Soviet Union to suppress many revolts against him. Soviet Union had also deployed missiles in Cuba in case of any intervention of attack from the United States.